Erich Schilling

Erich Schilling

Erich Schilling was born in Germany in 1885. He studied art and developed a style that one critic has described as imitated the "bold, ragged lines and strong tonal contrasts of German medieval woodcuts".

Schilling worked for Kladderadatsch and Simplicissimus and although he was critical of the Nazi Party in the early 1930s, he changed his views after Adolf Hitler gained power. Whereas some of Germany's cartoonists such as Thomas Heine and Walter Trier left the country, Schilling became a fervent support of the new regime.

During the Second World War, Schilling portrayed Winston Churchill as a drunk. Erich Schilling committed suicide when the Third Reich collapsed in 1945.

Schilling Family History

German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): nickname from Middle High German schillinc, Middle Low German schillink, German Schilling ‘shilling’. The German surname may have referred originally to a rent or fee owed, or have some other anecdotal origin, now irrecoverable. The Jewish surname is mainly ornamental. German: habitational name from Schilling in Bavaria or from places called Schillingen in the Rhineland and East Prussia.

Source: Dictionary of American Family Names ©2013, Oxford University Press

Nazis take control

It thus comes as no surprise that as soon as the Nazis came to power in 1933 they cracked down on dissenting cartoonists in Germany, and took control of many publications. Some artists, however, especially the Jewish ones, saw the writing on the wall and made their escape.

Thomas Theodor Heine (1867-1948), editor and co-founder of Simplicissimus, as well as its most prolific cover artist – who had been imprisoned for six months for an anti-Kaiser cartoon in 1898 – left soon after Hitler’s election as Chancellor and eventually settled in Stockholm.

The Czech-born Walter Trier (1890-1951), staff cartoonist on Lűstige Blätter and illustrator of Erich Kästner’s famous children’s book Emil and the Detectives, left Germany shortly after seeing Kästner’s works, as well as some of his own books, burnt in Berlin by the Nazis as ‘subversive literature’. He moved to London where he achieved fame as the cover artist for Lilliput magazine from its foundation in 1937.

Victor Weisz (‘Vicky’, 1913-1966), later to create the image of Harold Macmillan as ‘Supermac’, managed to flee to Budapest and then London, when his paper, Das 12 Uhr Blatt, was taken over by the Nazis. However, a fellow Berliner, Willi Wolpe (‘Wooping’, 1904-58) was not so lucky. During his imprisonment he was tortured and lost an eye before being released in 1936 after which he fled to Czechoslovakia and then, in 1939, to London (where, ironically he was interned at first as an ‘enemy alien’).

Erich Schilling (draftsman)

Erich Schilling (born February 27, 1885 in Suhl , † April 30, 1945 in Gauting near Munich ) was a German draftsman and caricaturist.

Erich Schilling was born as the fourth child of the rifle manufacturer Peter August Schilling (1832-1918) and Emma Christiane Panse (1845-1933, married since 1872, daughter of a Suhl teacher). The 12-year-old's leg ailment led to a handicap that saved him from military service. Schilling studied at the arts and crafts school in Schwäbisch Gmünd and probably completed an apprenticeship as an engraver in 1899–1902 . In 1903 he studied at the Berlin Art School , where he lived until 1918.

In 1905 the first drawings were made for the SPD- affiliated satirical magazine Der Wahr Jacob . In 1907 he first published a drawing in Simplicissimus . In 1918, Schilling moved to Starnberg near Munich and became a partner in the GmbH that published the magazine. Between 1907 and 1944 he made 1,459 contributions to the Simplicissimus .

After initial attempts in the Art Nouveau style, Schilling contributed his own style to the Simplicissimus , first with drawings reminiscent of medieval single-sheet woodcuts, later with smooth charcoal drawings reminiscent of Art Deco . Alongside Karl Arnold, he was the draftsman among the permanent staff who helped shape the style of the 1920s in the magazine. In addition to the daily news, he mainly created socially critical images.

While he had sharply criticized National Socialism before 1933 , he later became an ardent admirer of the prevailing ideology. So he designed z. B. the party glorifying glass pictures for a barracks in Ingolstadt . Schilling died by suicide when US troops approached Gauting .

Erich Schilling - History

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File:Erich Schilling – Müncher Fasching (Munich Carnival, lion, masks) 1926 Satirical cartoon No known copyright (low-res).jpg

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Erich Schilling - History

The Plutocrats Monster, 1941

Torquemada Is Interviewed, 1938

The Hungry Tschunkingdrache, 1943

Pierpont Morgan With The Devil, 1943

The Campaign Of Lies, 1939

The East China Railway, 1934

Mars And Murder, 1943

The Case Bolivia 1941

The Three-Party Conference, 1943

Lies Squadron Of The Comintern, 1937

England Struggle Against Greater German Steel Block, 1939

Weed in New York Ring, 1937

Churchill's Silvesterkatzenjammer, 1942

Marianne And Her Hatred, 1936

During The Housing Shortage, 1931

Practice Creates Masters, 1933

The Monstrosity Of The Paris Conference, 1921

Approach At All Costs, 1936

The Battle With The Dragon Of Distress, 1932

Hijacking of the "Altmark", 1940

Drawings to the text "Old Fable", 1924

The Swedish Ulysses And The Sirens, 1940

The Strasbourg Station, 1933

Moon Conference In Matters Raketenflug, 1929

Family Council In The Pacific, 1938

The Russian Easter Bunny, 1917

At The Bottom Of The Aegean, 1941

Britain, USA, UDSSR Alliance, 1942

Telephone Berlin - New York, 1926

The British Snake Charmers, 1939

The Ethnic German Victims At Chamberlain, 1939

To The International Monetary Conference, 1944

"Erich Schilling made his first caricatures for Der Wahren Jacob. He was on the editorial board of Simplicissimus magazine from 1907 to 1944, and also contributed to Kladderadatsch. Although initially opposed to the Nazi Party, he eventually became a supporter of the new regime. He continued to work for Simplicissimus after its transformation to national-socialist propaganda paper. He took his own life in Munich when the Third Reich collapsed in 1945." - quote source

The entirety of Erich Schilling's artwork in Simplicissimus can be viewed here.

Illustration by Barry Downard

The sun is beating down hard on the Dracut High School softball field, where Curt Schilling sits atop a bucket of balls beside the dugout. He’s helping coach his daughter’s team, the Drifters, in a tournament, and they’re on the verge of their second win of the day. Schilling could use the uplift: It’s been a month since the extraordinary implosion of 38 Studios, the video-game company he founded and lost $50 million investing in. And though his face is not quite the ghastly shade of white it was at the height of his company’s crisis, he doesn’t exactly look good. Dressed in shorts and a standard-issue blue and orange coach’s polo, his facial hair is scraggly and he’s got heavy bags beneath his eyes.

“Come on! Let’s close it out!” shouts the former Red Sox star, noted during his career for his precision arm and considerably wilder mouth. Moments later, there’s a game-ending grounder to second. Drifters win, 9–0.

Despite keeping an uncharacteristically low media profile of late, Schilling has agreed to meet with me. So while the players wait for their next game of the tournament, the former pitcher takes a seat in a lawn chair and performs what winds up being an emotional, two-hour-long autopsy of 38 Studios. The company’s death was grisly: Before going under, it defaulted on the $75 million guaranteed loan that the state of Rhode Island had used in 2010 to lure it to Providence. As the money ran out, the company encouraged its 379 employees to continue coming into work, even though it knew it could not pay them. Staffers realized they’d been stiffed only when they noticed the money missing from their bank accounts. A pregnant woman had to find out from her doctor that her healthcare benefits had been cut off.

Add it all up, including interest, and already-cash-strapped Rhode Island could be out as much as $110 million on the loans. As Schilling sits beside the softball diamond, his company, with nearly $151 million in debt and just $22 million in assets, is being liquidated through Chapter 7 bankruptcy.

Asked about 38 Studios’ failure, Schilling says his management team suffered from “significant dysfunction” and that his video-game developers worked too slowly. Those problems, he allows, are his fault. “As the chairman and founder,” he says, “who’s above me?”

But he also shovels much of the blame onto Rhode Island Governor Lincoln Chafee, whom he believes had a political agenda when it came to 38 Studios. The day before, Schilling alerted his former employees through a private Facebook message board that he planned to go on WEEI sports radio to talk about Chafee’s role and “tell the untold side of this nightmare.”

Many former 38 Studios employees, including the CEO, responded to that Facebook post with fierce attacks against Schilling himself. As the assaults mounted, Schilling’s wife, Shonda, rose to her husband’s defense. “50 million its [sic] not a fucking joke. It’s gone,” she wrote, adding that, “You have no idea what that last two weeks were like. Hope and hell. We hung on every telephone call. My husband couldn’t function. My kids saw their father cry more in that month then [sic] any child should see.”

Schilling’s harshest critic in the online exchange was Bill Mrochek, the vice president of online services, whose wife required a bone marrow transplant at the time their healthcare disappeared. “Are you going to admit that your stupid hubris, pride, and arrogance would not allow you to accept that we failed — and help shut it down with dignity?” he asked Schilling.

Mrochek was talking only about 38 Studios’ dramatic final weeks, but as interviews with Schilling, members of his former staff, and others associated with the company show, he might as well have been describing 38 Studios from the moment that Schilling — lacking any business experience, but full of the same confidence, bravado, and determination that made him a baseball legend — decided he could build a billion-dollar video-game company.

4. Lefty Grove

Lefty Grove is another player who does not have an overwhelming number of career strikeouts, just 2,226, but deserves to be on this list nonetheless.

However, he also posted these totals during a much different era in baseball. He led the league in strikeouts during the first seven years of his career, but at times this only amounted to 116 K's.

Grove also won an MVP and led Major League Baseball in K/9 five times. This all happened during a time when a pitcher had to have a plus fastball to survive.

The fastball was the pitch Grove relied on the most during a time when complete games came to be expected. His was reliable enough to lead the league in complete games three times.

Erich Friedrich August Schilling was the first child of Friedrich August and Minna, geb. Sour, Schilling. After attending elementary and elementary school, he continued his training at the commercial college and completed a two-year training course as a building fitter. Years of wandering all over Germany followed.

Schilling became a member of the SPD in 1906 . As an active trade unionist, he was managing director of the German Metalworkers' Association in Leipzig from 1913 to 1919 . After participating in World War I , he was a member of the Great Soldiers' Council in Kiev . At the time of the Weimar Republic , he took over the chairmanship of the Leipzig trade union cartel from 1919 to 1933 and prevented the union split. Schilling represented the Leipzig trade union cartel at the ADGB district committee in Saxony and also worked as an editor for the Saxon trade union newspaper. His wife Martha , nee Nebel, was an SPD politician and was killed in a traffic accident in December 1928.

Time of the nationalsocialism

At the time of National Socialism , Schilling was active as a representative and took part in the illegal resistance against the Nazi regime. On March 9, 1933, Schilling witnessed the attack by the SA on the Volkshaus . He rejected the advice of union colleagues who tried to smuggle him into Denmark for his safety . Schilling was arrested in 1933 and temporarily went into hiding in Germany. In the presence of the Gestapo , he spoke on September 10, 1935 at Leipzig's southern cemetery in memory of his friend, the leading Leipzig Social Democrat Hermann Liebmann , who had died of abuse in the Hohnstein concentration camp .

On September 1, 1939, he was arrested by the Gestapo together with his SPD comrades Stanislaw Trabalski , August Kroneberg and Heinrich Fleißner as part of the A-card action. They were charged with high treason and treason . On September 26th, Schilling and Kroneberg were brought to Buchenwald concentration camp, where he was imprisoned until liberation in April 1945. Initially he had the prisoner number 5569 and later 1455 and was assigned to the carpentry detachment. Schilling was involved in the revision of the Buchenwald Manifesto in April 1945 and was one of the signatories.

Post war period

After the liberation from National Socialism , he got involved in the re-establishment of the SPD in his hometown, where he was the first freely elected union chairman from August 19, 1945 to November 15, 1945, until he was dismissed by order of the Soviet Military Administration (SMAD). At the founding ceremony of the German Unity Union on Sunday, August 19, 1945 in the Capitol, he called for the union's political independence:

“It was the ugliness of the German trade union movement that all trade unions came into being in the shadow of political parties. Today the old insight is to become reality that a trade union must be politically neutral. The union will therefore not be apolitical. The trade unions have too much interest in presenting their demands to the state administration. Large social structures also have their own political weight. But party politics must never wear down the unity of the trade unions. Neutrality also applies to religion and to one's attitude towards the race question. Here, too, the union must be free of ties and adhere to the principles of the world trade union confederation. "

On May 18, 1945, he stands unbroken with friends from before 1933 in the Volkshausgarten, still in prisoner clothing with a prisoner number, surrounded by rubble. “We're building again! In spite of all!"

Schilling rejected the compulsory unification of the SPD and KPD to form the SED in 1946 and stood up for free and democratic trade unions. Nevertheless, he joined the SED and in November 1945 took over the office of managing director of a trust company for the confiscation of Nazi assets for the union. In July 1946, he was also given responsibility for rebuilding the Leipzig trade union building. His long-cherished project to honor Heinrich Heine on his 150th birthday, he implemented with his own financial means on December 13, 1947 through the Heinrich-Heine-Denkstein, which he donated . He passed the information about the honor to West Berlin newspapers. On November 6, 1948, Schilling was arrested and during interrogation he was accused of organizing a group of former Social Democrats. Schilling suffered reprisals until his release at the end of December 1948 and was then expelled from the VVN and the SED. Schilling fled to West Berlin in 1953 . Afterwards his son was arrested in Leipzig and imprisoned in Torgau . Even his grandson was told "what a" criminal "his grandfather was when he was drafted into the NVA ".

After his escape, Schilling worked from September 1953 to May 1961 as secretary of the Berlin office of the ICFTU . Until his death, the elderly man worked in the trade union movement and published articles on Leipzig's history. When Schilling died, his body was transferred to Ludwigshafen am Rhein , where he was buried in his son's grave. The gravestone is marked with the words: Erich Schilling, born in LEIPZIG .